Agra
Overview:-
Agra’s Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world, the mausoleum of Shah Jahan’s favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is one of the New Seven Wonders of the world, and one of three World Heritage Sites in Agra.
Completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal king Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Finished in marble, it is perhaps India’s most fascinating and beautiful monument. This perfectly symmetrical monument took 22 years (1630-1652) of hard labour and 20,000 workers, masons and jewelers to build and is set amidst landscaped gardens.

Agra Fort:-

The fort is also known as Lal Qila , Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra . It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal . The fort can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city.
By most estimates, the fort was taken over from the Lodis by the Moghuls in the late 16th century, by Akbar the Great . During his reign, he shifted the government of his empire from Delhi to Agra. Because of this, much of Agra flourished and the site of the old Lodis fort began changing into more of a royal estate. Akbar tended to build from red sandstone , often inlaid with white marble and intricate decorations.

Fatehpur Sikri:-
Fatehpur Sikri was the political capital of India's Mughal Empire under Akbar 's reign, from 1571 until 1585 , when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water.
It is regarded as emperor Akbar's crowning architectural legacy. Indeed, its numerous palaces, halls, and masjids satisfy his creative and aesthetic impulses, typical of Mughals.
Fatehpur Sikri is a World Heritage Site . Some contemporary Indian architects, notably B. V. Doshi , have cited it as an important source of inspiration. Architect or layperson, this city generally captures the imagination and wonder of all who experience its urban spaces and see its buildings.

Sheesh Mahal:-
Both Jahangir (Akbar's son) and Shahjahan (Akbar's grandson) were enamored of the sensuous effect of white marble; in their quest to make buildings of marble, they demolished many of Akbar's red sandstone structures.
In the Khas Mahal enclosure (built by Shahjahan), later Mughal architecture comes of age. The Khas Mahal is an airy edifice, overlooking the specially laid Angoori Bagh (grape garden; a simple formal Mughal garden).
Windows closed with jali (intricately perforated decorative stone screens) present fabulous view of the riverfront. The two copper-roofed pavilions built in the Bengali traditions were meant for prominent ladies of the harem. On three sides of this garden are residential quarters of women. Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace) or the royal hammam (bath) is decorated with myriad glass pieces and a central fountain

Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb:-
Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Often described as 'jewel box', sometimes called the Baby Taj , the tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daulah is often regarded as a "draft" of the Taj Mahal.
Along with the main building, the structure consists of numerous outbuildings and gardens. The tomb, represents the transition between the first phase of monumental Mughal architecture - primarily built from red sandstone with marble decorations.
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Madurai
Overview:-
Madurai, the second largest city in Tamil Nadu, is one of the most ancient cities of India. The city of Madurai is situated at the bank of river Vaigai and boasts of a rich culture and heritage. Often known as the Athens of the East, the city comprises of a number of temples and historical monuments. Thousands of pilgrims and tourists visit Madurai every year in search of spiritual peace. Apart from temples, tourists can also visit other such examples of Tamilian architecture in British and Islamic styles. There are also a number of mosques and cathedrals in the city, where people can receive divine sermons.

Meenakshi Temple:-
Sri Meenakshi Temple is one of the most well known places of interest in Madurai. As many as 10,000 tourists from different parts of the country of India come to visit this temple everyday. The Sri Meenakshi Temple is considered to be a wonderful piece of art. The Sri Meenakshi Temple at Madurai is actually a conglomeration of many small corridors and temples. The temple is unique as it has dual shrines meant to pay homage to a god and a goddess closely associated with the Hindu religion. The temple has been dedicated to Lord Sundareshvara, i.e., Shiva and Meenakshi. Lord Sundareshvara is actually the Hindu God for cosmic dance. The entire temple complex stretches for about 6 hectares.

Thirumalai Nayak Palace:-
The Thirumalai Nayak Palace is one of the most popular places of interest in Madurai. This palace represents art in the Indo-Saracenic style. The Thirumalai Nayak Palace at Madurai is made up of two prominent parts called Rangavilasa and Swargavilasa. This courtyard has white pillars, which are round in shape. The palace shrine is situated towards the northeast of the palace structure. Here, Thirumalai Nayak used to offer prayers to the deity called Rajrajeswari. The shrine exhibits fine carvings on stone. The dome is enfolded with gold.

Gandhi Museum:-
The Gandhi Museum is of special significance to the tourists who take special interest in everything related to history. The Gandhi Museum has been established in Madurai as this place to bear testimony to a number of significant events in the life of Mahatma Gandhi. The museum has a number of different sections. There are 265 illustrations representing India's struggle for freedom. A number of handicrafts that have been donated by the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore are also on display over here. There is a picture gallery, which includes quotations, photographs, paintings and some Photostat copies of Gandhiji's letters. A number of personal possessions of Mahatma Gandhi are preserved at The Hall of Relics.

Alagar Koil:-
Alagar Koil is a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It is situated at a distance of 21 km from Madurai, on foot of Alagar hills, amongst the natural beauty of the woods. The Vaishnavite temple is famous for its beautiful sculptures and exquisite 'mandapams'. The temple also contain some beautiful carvings and makes the visit rewarding. Palamudirsolai, one of the six abodes of Lord Subramaniya is located at the top of the hill.

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